Wednesday, June 3, 2020
A comparative analysis of black poetry In America Maya Angelou and Solange - Literature Essay Samples
Both Maya AngelouÃ¢â¬â¢s poem Ã¢â¬Å"Still I RiseÃ¢â¬ (1978) and SolangeÃ¢â¬â¢s song Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t Touch my HairÃ¢â¬ (2016) illustrate different stages in the African-American struggle with otherization of their identity. Ã¢â¬Å"Still I RiseÃ¢â¬ iterates many examples of how African-Americans have been oppressed by the dominant white culture, punctuating each example with their ability to overcome each, while Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t touch My HairÃ¢â¬ develops an extended metaphor between the curiosity and invasiveness of white people wishing to touch black hair and their objectification of black people and towards their feelings and lack of respect for their identity. Both poems employ repetition and a direct dialogue with the dominant white culture to portray different aspects of their centuries-long striving towards equality from slavery and oppression. Both Ã¢â¬Å"Still I RiseÃ¢â¬ (1978) and Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t Touch My HairÃ¢â¬ (2016) make use of voice to convey their messages of resistance against the different forms of oppression offered by the the dominant white culture (hereafter referred to as DWC) as described in the poems. The voices in both poems are remarkable in that they both address the DWC directly, referring to it in both poems as the Ã¢â¬Å"youÃ¢â¬ with whom the narrator is directly speaking. While the Ã¢â¬ËYouÃ¢â¬ of the earlier poem is repeated stridently at the beginnings and ending of lines to punctuate the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s theme, the Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬ of the later poem is the implied Ã¢â¬Å"youÃ¢â¬ of commands, as in Ã¢â¬Å"[You] donÃ¢â¬â¢t touch my hair.Ã¢â¬ In both poems, the voice of the narrator bounces back and forth between directly engaging the dominant white culture with a critique and reprimand, and either reflecting in a kind of soliloquy (Ã¢â¬Å"Still I RiseÃ¢â¬ ) or addressing an imagined circle of listeners of fellow African-Americans, who understand the speakerÃ¢â¬â¢s concerns. While both poems are thematically concerned with serious injustices in African-AmericansÃ¢â¬â¢ treatment, there does seem to be some progress in empowerment in the voice. The 1978 poem challenges the DWC to reflect on its motivations for several instances of oppression, but the other, which was written 35 years later, assertively rebukes the DWC for its infringement on personal space in trying to touch hair as a infringement on identity. The author do this to not only focus the readers attention on their criticism of the injustices that there cultures have been served, but on the buoyancy of African American Identity and their ability to survive.The powerful echoes of Martin Luther Kings Ã¢â¬Å"I Have a DreamÃ¢â¬ Speech (1963), which established repetition as a central trademark of African-American elocution, are heard in both poems. Repetition in these poems provides a powerful musical cadence that leaves thematic points ringing in the listeners ears thereby leading them to pon der about the poems ideas. Ã¢â¬Å"In Still I rise. Maya Angelou uses a complex cycle of repeated accusations (Ã¢â¬Å"You May____Ã¢â¬ ), interrogations, Ã¢â¬Å"Does My ______?,Ã¢â¬ and affirmations Ã¢â¬Å"Still I RiseÃ¢â¬ to tell the centuries-old story of African -American relations with the DWC, each repetition hammering in the renewed frustrations of a different generation in the same struggle. Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t Touch my Hair,Ã¢â¬ on the other hand, repeats the stern admonition, Ã¢â¬Å"DonÃ¢â¬â¢t TouchÃ¢â¬ to the DWC to treat the identity of the narrator with more respect, the repetition itself suggesting the listenerÃ¢â¬â¢s difficulty in understanding what is being asked. The aspects of black identity the DNC listers are being asked to respect are enumerated in the various aspects of the extended metaphor being drawn by Solange. In both poems, the repetition not only serves to leave listeners with ideas they must contemplate, but also exemplifies the historical frustration African-Americans have had trying to achieve equality in interracial relationships in America. While the thematic message of both poems is dark and disappointing, a thread of hope may be found in the contrast between both poems, written in different stages of that struggle, in that the narrator seems to have advanced from a stymied individual who can only cite her raceÃ¢â¬â¢s ability to overcome as way to combat injustice, versus the stronger and more assertive voice who is able to command her oppressors to treat her with respect. Only the future of interracial relations and poetryÃ¢â¬â¢s evolving story will tell whether that voice has been heard. In conclusion, both poems exemplify different techniques of resistance against a Dominant White Culture. While African Americans have been one of the most marginalized groups in American cult ure, the time period between the two has evolved to where marked improvement can be found. A group that has been so manically oppressed in America has gone on to produce some of the best masterpieces of the 20th century and that is a victory by itself.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Several members of the zinc finger family of proteins are key components in the transcriptional network maintaining pluripotency in embryonic stem cells. The mouse zinc finger protein 322a (Zfp322a) is expressed in embryonic stem cells and the ICM. Thus Ma et al. 2014 hypothesized that Zfp322a functions as a transcription factor in mice. Ma et al. (2014) discovered that Zfp322a is an irreplaceable transcription factor which enhances the reprogramming ability of OKSM (Oct4, Klf4, Sox2, and c-Myc) and can replace Sox2 in OKSM in the generation of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). First, in order to determine whether or not Zfp322a is a transcription factor in mice, the authors analyzed its expression in mouse embryonic stem (mES)Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦A gene ontology search revealed that Zfp322a is involved in diverse cellular processes. A microarray approach determined that Zfp322a is able to directly repress and activate a number of the genes it binds. Importantly, this microarray approach confirmed the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s previous observation that Zfp322a represses the MAPK cascade. Previously, two nodes in the transcriptional network maintaining pluripotency were identified by Chen et al. 2008. Interestingly however, Zfp322a did not preferentially interact with either the c-Myc or Sox2/Oct4 transcription factor clusters. Zfp322aÃ¢â¬â¢s 10 C2H2 zinc finger domains bind the major groove of DNA (Lodish et al. 2013), and may give Zpf322a the ability to bind a diverse array of DNA sequences. In support of this hypothesis, no DNA consensus sequence for Zfp322a binding was identified. Zfp322a co-localized equally with all 12 of the transcription factors tested. Coupled with Zfp322aÃ¢â¬â¢s dynamic ability to concomitantly repress differentiation, these observations suggest a more profound role for Zpf322a. From the genome-wide analysis of Zfp322a regulation the authors concluded that Zfp322a is an integral component in the pluripotency regulatory network. Zfp322a may contribute to chromatin remodeling associated with maintenance of mES chromatin. Ma et al. 2014 identified a large number of genes enriched with Zfp322a that were involved in chromatin modification,Show MoreRelatedPluripotent Stem Cell Essay1608 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"Induction of Pluripotent Stem Cells from Mouse Embryonic and Adult Fibroblast Cultures by Defined FactorsÃ¢â¬ Ã ¬Stem cells are yet undifferentiated cells, with the potential capability to further divide indefinitely, and the ability to give rise to more specialized cell types. Embryonic stem(ES) cells are of especially great importance due to their pluripotency and hence ability to differentiate to cells of all three germ layers. Due to the great replicative powers of these cells, they may be used to treatRead MoreA Research Study On Regenerative Medicine And Transplantation2123 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesmedical research embarking on the evolvement of embryonic stem cells(ESCs)and reprogrammed human somatic cells called induced pleuri potent stem cells(iPSCs) .Human embryonic stem cells were first derived in 1998 by Thomson et al. and induced pleuri potent stem cells(iPSCs) in 2007(Thai Journal of Obstetrics and GynaecologyApril 2013) The innate proficiency of the human embryonic stem cells to differentiate into multiple cell lineages i.e pluripotency and worthy of self renewal score them as invaluable
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
The company specializes on clothing and fashion. The company owns chain of stores throughout the country. The chain stores are more than 2500 in the United Kingdom (U K). It has other franchises in other different countries, especially throughout Europe. The company is known to b the largest business interest that retails magnate Sir Philip Green. Then an immigrant Montague Burton formed the company in the year 1903. The company was initially called The Cross-Tailoring Company. The company started operating by manufacturing mens cloths.The company headquarters was moved from Chesterfield to Leeds and the owner changed the name from The Cross-Tailoring Company to Burton in 1914. In the year 2000 up to date, the company adopted a tragedy known as Brand. The strategy was to cut down the operation of underperforming brands. The stores, which were ineffective and closed, were replaced with other Arcadia properties. Country Background The United Kingdom is a Sovereign State in Europe. The country falls in the 22nd position as the most populous county in the world with an estimated 65 million people.The country practices a monarch with a parliamentary system Of governance. The capital city of the country is London, which is an important global city and a financial centre. The I-J consists of four countries namely, England, Wales, Scotland, and the Northern Ireland. The UK has the sixth largest economy in the world. The country is known to have the highest income economy. UK was the first industrialized country in the world. The country has one of the most powerful military, cultural, scientific, and political influences over the world.UK has been a member of the European Union since 1973. The country is also a member of the Commonwealth Nations. Discussion Globalization is the process of integration of nations in the world. Globalization is accelerated by the ever emerging of new technologies in the oral of business. Trade liberalizing also influences the globalization. The advances in transportation sector and communications are the key players in globalization (Shave, 2015). The factors generate interdependence of the economic and the cultural activities that the business world is experiencing today.The combination of these factors causes the existence of the current business environment in the world. Political environment is also a key player in the existence of the current business community. The current business environment involves all the activities in commercial transactions. Both riveter and government bodies participate in globalization. The globalization have affected both small and big companies (Bagman, 2002). The factors have enabled companies to operate and participate in the global economy by enabling them to achieve new opportunities and enjoy the benefits of globalization. Some factors have negatively influence globalization resulting to hostile global business environments. The decade transition of the globalization has provided both the positive and negative effects on the business environment that exists today. Companies have found some benefits in the world of economics. In countries with developed economy, the rapid liberalizing has provided a sustained and stable environment. In countries with poor economy, the progress in the private sector and liberalizing has been slow (Teamed Wright, 2003). Unbalance macroeconomic has been evident. The reversal of the inflation, growth of fiscal imbalance, and the hardship to access the international capital market is evident. The ability to adjust the legal system has also affected the globalization, which has further influenced the existence of the current business environment. More countries operating in the global environment have adopted laws that are facilitating the economic transformation (Young, 2011 The ability to reform the financial sector has also contributed to the existence of the current business environment.The international trade, international financial flows, and the international investments are some of the key elements in globalization that exists in the current business environment. Globalization has increased diversity in companies. Globalization has affected how firms compete with each other in the global market (Hamilton, 2015). Globalization drivers Market drivers The market drivers influence globalization through consumer goods and services. The products and services are presently available throughout the world. Uh to the availability of the marketing campaign in the international level, and other corporate brand promotions, there is an increase in consumer desires throughout the world. With the domestic markets becoming more saturated, the global expanding is the only solution, since there are limited opportunities in the domestic market. This is the only way an organization can expand its business. The customer needs and the ability o use global marketing channels are some of the strategies that organizations use to expand their business. Markets are known to provide new potentials in economic developments and the ability to create wealth.There are also some different views on how globalization is influencing the business environment. Some people will argue that the present existence of globalization has facilitated an increase in unemployment, poverty, and inequality (Young, 2011). Other people will argue that markets have been the driver to reduce poverty, unemployment, and inequality across the borders. The current business environment is experiencing market development. One of the main objective Of markets in globalization is to meet the need of firms and people all over the world (Gar;newelder, 2008).Markets have managed to increase the participation of firms in the global market. Some people will argue that markets have increased the gap between the developed companies and emerging firms. The developed firms are the one benefiting more from globalization while the emerging firms are struggling to establish a stable business in the global environment. The developed industries are enjoying the benefits from the increase in exports, increased imports, and healthy trade between global businesses (Jose et al. 2003).The developing industries on the other hand have been struggling to inject establish a stable operation in the global business environment. The developing firms have not been able to consider the key foundations that are necessary for firms stability (Gar;newelder, 2008). The strategies that the companies have adopted have helped the firms with different economic investments in the global business environment. This driver of economics in the global business environment focuses on the internal cost and tends to Moore the external costs that are involved in business transactions (Young, 201 1).Arcadia Group Limited is more concerned with profit making that is facilitated by the expansion of markets. Political/Social Drivers of Globalization Political drivers have been connected to the significance of the national governance to the global market. The emergence of national bodies has reduced the sovereignty of firms and global market environment in which the companies use for operations (Eternal Wright, 2003). Politics plays a critical role in shaping the global business environment in which the firms tend to establish a stable and efficient operation.Politics is behind the reforms that have existed in both economics and technologies. For example, government policies on Foreign Direct Investments (FDA) have influenced the ability of firms to establish their business in other parts of the world. FDA policies tend to either facilitate increase in participation of companies or reduce the number of the firms (Hamilton, 2015). For instance, Arcadia Group Limited will have to consider the policies that the governments have set up in other countries concerning the operations of foreign investors.In other areas, the cantonal governments have been responsible in the existence of the economic development and security in the global bus iness environment. The social responsibility is a key player in the development of globalization. For instance, the billÃ ¶y to have Arcadia Group Limited besieged by charitable events will influence the firm to expand its operation in the global market. The social responsibility of globalization entirely focuses on how globalization influences the lives of people in the society.Social responsibility has improved the global environment by establishing advanced education yester, laws, and the health systems (Teamed Wright, 2003). Education system has contributed to the business world by providing skills and knowledge to manage different kinds of businesses in the global environment. Education systems have developed globalization by introducing new economic markets in the world. Firms can now be able to access the new technology without difficulty. The health services on the other hand have been able to increase the health care throughout the world.This has increase the establishment of science research facilities all over the world in order to improve the health care services. This will allow the firms to expand their business to other parts of the world because of the better provision of health care (Hamilton, 2015). Competitive Drivers The emergence of the global market have led to an increase in more companies participating in commercial activities. The abilities of countries to have interdependencies will support this driver. The high two-trade and the cross border FDA are also facilitating competition in the global market.Technology Technology has shaped and laid the foundation of the current globalization. The emergence of innovation in the transport system has revolutionized globalization. For instance, the commercial jet is a product of technology and it has aided the expansion of firms throughout the world. There have been innovations in the communication sector which has aided communication process. The ability of the companies to have access to the internet has also provided opportunities for globalization-The ability to access information has shaped the current business environment.Companies are able to adopt effective strategies that will assist them in developing their business. The ability to have information has enabled firms to achieve their primary goals and objectives (Teamed Wright, 2003). The ability to have information has introduced the competition between rival companies. This has made the global market to be more active and effective in terms of developments. Information can benefit a firm by establishing reliable sources that would benefit the company (Hamilton, 2015). Firms are able to make effective decisions concerning the global market environment.Impacts of Globalization Benefits of Globalization The increase in globalization has provided independent markets in the global environment. The independent markets have been able to highlight the benefits and disadvantages of leveraging foreign exchange. Increase in globalization has been able to achieve efficiency in the business world and provided an increase in GAP in developing nations (Hamilton, 2015). Arcadia Group Limited is one company that has enjoyed independent markets. Increase in wealth is another advantage of changes in globalization.Developing countries have become wealthier with the changes in globalization. The GAP growth rates of the underdeveloped nations have improved because of the expansion of the international markets. The correlation that exists between annual growth and globalization reflects the benefits that the international trade enjoys (Bagman, 2002). The economic development and the standard of living are also enjoying benefits of changes in globalization. Increase in the political philosophies has been evident in the society. This follows the assumption that free markets are able to use capitalistic and democratic philosophies. The rises in political philosophies have improved the living standards of people in the society. Another argument is that the political philosophies have increased the chances of firms to participate in foreign direct investments. The ability to increase foreign and global business will increase the stability in the political environment (Jose et al. 2003). This will also influence an increase in job opportunities, equality, and technological improvement all over the world. Adequate provision of foreign goods and services all over the world is another advantage of change in globalization.Changes in globalization have led to an increase in the diversification of products, technology, and services. The domestic companies and economies have been able to benefit from technology and other innovations from globalization (Bagman, 2002). The increase in diversification of products and services has led to expansion of impasses in the global market. Disadvantages of changes in Globalization The advancing in technology may negatively influence the development Of emerging firms operating in the global markets. Some countries may experience economic depression.The economic depression is capable of influencing adverse reaction worldwide (Hamilton, 2015). There would be an increase in competition between companies. Small companies may be the victims of the competition because they are not fully established to operate in the global markets. The emerging companies do not have similar resources to compete on the international level. Changes in globalization have the ability to decrease environmental integrity. This is evident when developed companies take advantage of emerging companies.Strategies used by companies in Globalization Arcadia Group Limited has been able to adopt new technologies that provide efficiency while operating in the global environment. This has made more people aware of the existence of the company. The company has been able to strengthen their ability to invest in infrastructure. The company is focusing in maintaining infrastructure in order to compete in the global market. The company management has been able to utilize the market indicators and performance drivers in achieving their market objectives in the global environments (Hamilton, 2015).The company has also adopted marketing Strategy to increase its dominance in the global market. Through marketing strategies, the company has been able to identify target consumers easily. The advertising strategy has been achieved through the existence of new technologies in the company. Arcadia Group Limited has advanced technologies that have propelled the global community to purchase their products. The advertising strategies have provided efficiency in marketing strategies. The company also uses business strategy to raise the finance of operating in the global environment (Jose et al. 2003).The company is able to expand by purchasing new assets that include new stores in different parts of Europe. Through this, the company has been able to expand its operation to different nations. Conclusion Globalization involves economical, social, political, and cultural changes that have existed in the world for the past fifty years. Companies have found some benefits in the world of economics. In countries with developed economy, the rapid liberalizing has provided a sustained and stable environment. In countries with poor economy, the progress in the private sector and liberalizing has been slow. The ability to adjust the legal system has also transformation. The ability to reform the financial sector has also contributed to the existence of the current business environment. Politics plays a critical have existed in both economics and technologies. Most companies operating in global environment have been able to adopt some strategies that will enable them increase their efficiency and stability in the global environment. References Gar;newelder, A. (2008). Analysis Of Ionians Corporate, business, and racketing strategies. M;niche: GRIN Average Gumbo.
Saturday, April 18, 2020
Television Is The Downfall Of Our Society Can you imagine the actual number of people who watch T.V.? People spend more time before the television, than any other thing. Nowadays, even children, to be more specific, toddlers spend most of their time watching T.V. Shouldn?t they be playing with their toys inside or outside, playing in the yard, going to the park for a walk or to play on the swings and slides? Don?t you remember when you were young when your parents took you to the park? All kids went to the park, but nowadays, the park has been substituted with the television and video games (for youth). Maybe this is also a reason why many of our children are obese. Because the television producers have created television show for preschoolers, school-age children, teenagers, and adults, many choose to spend their time viewing these shows because they feel a sense of belonging when watching the shows. For preschoolers, shows such as Sesame Street, Barney, and Teletubbies have been created. Many of these shows are very educational, but it has been proven that most children learn quicker with hands-on-training. Children are more likely to learn also by speaking. Children can?t speak to the television; therefore, their parents must be his/her instructors, but this requires time from the parents. Many parents don?t have time to spend talking to their children, they are either at work, or they think they have something more important than their children, but what can be more important than your child?s education and development. Parents must take time from their long day to spend time with their children, take them to the park or just go out into the backyard and play ball. Educational shows, such as The Magic School Bus, have been produced for school-age children. This is a very informational show and it allows for kids to explore. Noton?s World is a very good example of this also, because he performs experiments and talks about science and math during his show. Shows such as cartoons aren?t very educational; however, they can be very entertaining for these children. There are also shows, such as The Alyson?s Sisters, which deals with everyday occurrences that relate to them. These twins fall into this age group and the show talks of things that happen to them during and outside of school. For instance, the show talks about their first date, first dance, first kiss, first boyfriend, Etc. For teenagers, shows such as The Fresh Prince, Boy Meets World, Hang Time, Sister Sister, Family Matters, and Change of Heart are being shown on T.V. These shows usually are shown after 3:00 p.m. or during the weekend the time when teenagers are out of school. Teenagers watch these shows because they can relate to the characters. These characters go through the same things that teenagers go through. Sometimes, they wish that they could go through those awesome things that happen to those fictional characters. However, shows like the Jerry Springer Show, aren?t or shouldn?t be watched by teenagers, because it forces a way of being and thinking into their minds. If you have ever watched the Jerry Springer Show, you don?t want to be a guest, or you always say that won?t happen to me. But nowadays, a lot of teens are doing things that are seen in talk shows like the Jerry Springer Show, because they think it?s right, since they saw it on T.V., but it isn?t right. Soap Operas, and shows such as The Pretender, ER, Hercules, Zena, Family Feud, Love and Marriage, Who Wants to Be a Millionaire, and Talk shows, such as Oprah, Sally, and Ricki Lake are shown for the adults. However, many teens and children also watch these shows. There are many differences between these shows because they all emphasis on something different. Soap Operas are just like movies, but these go on forever. Talk Shows sometimes can be educational, for awareness, personal stories, fashion, or reunions; it just depends on what the viewers of that show are more interested in. Some of these shows are just shows, just movies, and a story of several people that keeps going; however, they are different from Soap Operas because Soap
Saturday, March 14, 2020
The Greatest essays Muhammad Ali is one of the best, if not the best, boxers of all time. He was an influential leader not only inside the ring, but throughout the world. His overwhelming confidence captured millions, bringing the sport of boxing the publicity it has always deserved. Though many criticized his brash comments, he became a role model of children across the nation. He frequently gave speeches in schools and ghettos throughout America. He managed to succeed in a world that was run by whites. Born January 17, 1942, in Louisville, Kentucky, Cassius Clay, Jr., displayed fighting skills early in his life when he punched his mother after she spanked him for misbehavior. It was not until he turned 12, however, that he became interested in boxing. He had just received a new, red bicycle for his birthday, so he and a friend rode bikes to the fair. While he was milling around, someone stole his bike. He searched for his bike for hours, but it was to no avail. When he started asking people on his block if they had seen it, someone suggested he go ask Joe Martin, a policeman and owner of a boxing gym. Cassius was awestruck the moment he walked into the gym. Joe gave him an application and Cassius joined the gym the following day. Though he had not found his bike, he did find his future. Cassius trained constantly. He worked out after school every day, and he trained with Fred Stoner after supper from eight until midnight. Finally, his hard work was starting to pay off. In 1956 he won the Kentucky Golden Gloves tournament. Then, in 1958, he won the Louisville Golden Gloves light-heavyweight crown. He went on to win the National Golden Gloves light-heavyweight title in Chicago. Cassius really showed his skills in 1960 by winning the Golden Gloves title in Madison Square Garden as well as the Tournament of Champions in Chicago. Throughout his amateur career, Cassius had fought in 130 fights and won all but sev ...
Thursday, February 27, 2020
Interview Paper - Essay Example She was asked about the degree of knowledge that would be required by an individual who would be venturing into this field and choosing it as a career path. She was also asked what it was that she looked for when hiring new employees. The interview was very effective in getting an idea into the world of real estate. The subject is no doubt a very vastly practiced one, and the services are used by an individual at least once in their life time and yet there are dimensions of this field that are unknown by the common man. The field is very diverse and encompasses a variety of different aspects. Price and value of land will vary regardless of size and shape based on other aspects such as location, commercialization soil quality and other such factors. The market trend keeps changing and is very similar to the stock exchange. Far out locations and various apartment buildings and investments to such housing schemes require a great deal of research n the part of the real estate agent. The displaying and placing of the right priced, with in budget house and/or land with potential buyers is also a very tedious job as all individuals do not belong to the same socio economic statuses. Ms Delores when asked about her assessment of the market trend and potential employees was kind enough to spill the beans.
Tuesday, February 11, 2020
Alexander and Hellenism cultures - Research Paper Example This essay discusses the influence of Alexander the Great on Hellenistic society, economy, culture, and arts. AlexanderÃ¢â¬â¢s Life and War When Alexander the GreatÃ¢â¬â¢s father, Philip of Macedon, died in 336 B.C., he immediately occupied the throne. Through his mentor Aristotle, Alexander largely appreciated Greek culture. He was fascinated by the Homeric epics. He was inspired by the heroic achievements and determination of the characters, especially Achilles (Pollitt 1986, 271). But Alexander, just like these Homeric heroes, also possessed remarkable leadership and military abilities which he inherited from his father. Alexander also took over his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s major state plan, which was the ultimate defeat of Persia. This mission fuelled the daring character of Alexander. Alexander was a student of Isocrates, an orator who supported a campaign against Persia to unify the Greeks within a single objective (Burn 1948, 11-12). Philip had planned to defend his ownership of Gr eece by preventing the advance of Persia to Asia Minor; but his son, who was very ambitious, sought to invade the whole Persian kingdom. Leading a massive army in 334 B.C., Alexander passed through Asia Minor, and finally moved forward to India. Because of his excellent military, leadership, and strategy skills, AlexanderÃ¢â¬â¢s armed forces had built an empire which extended from Greece to India. After AlexanderÃ¢â¬â¢s reign, the world had never been the same again. His adventures and conquests introduced Eastern and Western cultures to each other (Curtis 2000, 66). Alexander himself contributed to this massive change, whether purposely or unintentionally. He married a Persian woman, encouraged the intermarriage between his soldiers and Asian women, and enlisted Persian soldiers into his army. He built city-states in Asia, where Greek immigrants intermarried with the local peoples (Perry 2012, 616). But, as argued by Pollitt (1986), even though Alexander was not able to bring a ll the peoples and cultures together in a world-state, his conquests drove the world in a new path, toward a union of diverse populations and the mixing together of cultures. AlexanderÃ¢â¬â¢s conquest was indeed the driving force for the advancement of the Hellenistic culture all over the Near East and western Mediterranean. His conquest also created the foundation for the establishment of Christianity, the Roman Empire, and other major features of Western history. The Influence of the Expedition of Alexander the Great on Hellenistic Culture The era of cosmopolitan culture and global interaction emerged after the semi-Hellenized Philip of Macedon had tore down the self-rule of city-states, and Alexander had invaded the Persian kingdom. In 332 B.C.E., Alexander conquered Palestine, then Egypt; and since then the situation of the Jewish people was transformed. The objective as well as the impact of AlexanderÃ¢â¬â¢s achievements was to bring the East and the West together intellect ually and politically. Nationalistic sentiments were barely shown by the peoples of Eastern societies, except for the Jewish and Persian people (Skelton & Dell 2009, 93, 26). Nationalism was growing weaker among the Greeks. Alexander aspired to create a remarkable mixture of knowledge in a global empire, which, through a grouping of local cultures and racial superiorities in a bigger and wider political sphere, should promote arts and knowledge and spread the Hellenic